Island of lemurs – Madagascar
A holiday in Madagascar
Located in the Indian ocean off the Southeast coast of Africa, Madagascar is considered the fourth largest largest island in the world (its area 592000 km2).
The island is separated from the mainland by wide Mozambique channel. Madagascar – this is a fragment of the ancient African platform composed of hard metamorphic and crystalline rocks: granite, schist, gneiss, separated by about 165 million years ago from the African continent. Some time a new island was drifting to the East, taking with them a large variety of animal and plant species.
The island nation of Madagascar is a very specific and exotic country in the world. She is one of the poorest in economic terms and one of the richest region of bio diversity. Of the 200,000 species of animals and plants of Madagascar, a 150 000 are found nowhere else in the world (approximately 5 percent of the total species diversity of flora and fauna of our planet). In Madagascar at least 13000 species of plants, of which 80 percent are endemic and 3 500 have medicinal properties. The island has no large mammals, except imported here allowed, but there are various species of small insectivorous animals, reptiles (including crocodiles) and lemurs. Continue reading
TOUR OF THE BEAUTIFUL AND INTERESTING PLACES
The miracle of Russia — the lake Turgoyak
The miracle of Russia — lake Turgoyak is located in the southern Urals in Chelyabinsk region. Let me take you on an amazing voyage in a rich land with beautiful scenery.
There is a beautiful legend about how there was a unique lake. Once, long ago in the Urals was traveling a young man by the name of the Tour. He wandered between the mountain ranges and met a girl named Gojak. She was just as beautiful as it is sad. The youth learned from the story of the girl that the evil witch has lost her sight and heal her only the purest water in the world.
Then the young man went on a long journey on lake Baikal and in his hands brought healing waters. The girl was washed and received my sight, and those drops that fell to the ground turned into a beautiful lake, which he named Turgoyak. So says the ancient Bashkir legend.
South Ural — one of the richest regions of Russia. In the interior contain great quantities of gold, platinum, copper, minerals and gems. But the main wealth of this region are the numerous lakes. Often this region is called «Ural Switzerland».
Most of the reservoirs located in mountainous terrain. Continue reading
Lake Kaffeklubben (detsk. Kaffeklubben Sø, 83 37′) is a small (48 ha) of the eponymous island, North of Greenland, only 707 km from the pole. This is the most Northern lake on the Earth.
For a long time scientists argued about whether to receive life in such places, the impulse to reproduce as a result of nitrate pollution, or make her stop the impending effects of global warming. It seems that an international group of researchers under the guidance of Bianca Perren of the University of Franche-comté (France) managed to answer this question.
Despite the harsh living conditions, once the lake was full Kaffeklubben life in the face of cyanobacteria. The ice over the lake while constant, varying only the thickness. But even under 1-2 m of ice cyanobacteria survive. However, they are most active in summer when the air temperature above the ice reservoir is as high as +1,6 C. But more complex forms of life here. But now, but once…
3 500 years ago, when the lake had just been formed, it occupied several species of diatoms. But, according to studies of lake cores, which the authors said in the journal Geology, about 2 400 years ago, as the local temperature, the population is entirely extinct. Usually, to return, Continue reading