Lake Onega is the second largest lake in Europe. It is smaller than half of lake Ladoga (maximum depth 120 m) and contains 3 times less water. But Onega water of very high quality: it’s cleaner than even the Ladoga and Baikal.
The length of the lake from North to South for 248 km from West to East and 96 km from the Coastline, especially in the Northern part, strongly indented. There are many capes, bays, lips and the Islands. The total number of the last 1500 — 2.5 times greater than in Ladoga lake. One of them is an architectural monument of the world level – the Kizhi Pogost. the hallmark of Karelia.
Ceaser the coast is predominantly sandy, pebbly, but there are also rocks. A number of rocky headlands and small Islands, polished glacier and Onega wave was the “leaves of the stone book,” in the Neolithic wrote a record of his life. The most famous was the Cape Besov nos, which determined the name of a large group of petroglyphs on the East shore of the lake.
The North half of the lake are composed of crystalline rocks, lofty, rugged. The southern part is characterized by smooth contours of the low-lying banks, which in the majority are covered with forests.
The bottom topography is very complex, especially in the Northern parts of the reservoir. For lake Onega is characterized by numerous pronounced increase Continue reading
Lake Ontario is one of the five Great lakes of North America. It is the lowermost and is the smallest of them. From the North and the South-West, it is bounded by the canadian province of Ontario, and from the South American state of new York. Ontario, the most populous of all the provinces of Canada, is named after lake Ontario. In the language of the Indian tribe Huron ontario means ” Lake of shining waters”. It is the latest in the chain of the Great lakes and serves as an outlet to the Atlantic ocean via river St. Lawrence. In the lake empties into the river Niagara,which connects lake Ontario with lake Erie, and the river flows out of St. Lawrence river, which flows into the Atlantic ocean. Lake Ontario is the easternmost of the Great lakes, and has the smallest area of water space is about 19,000 square km of Navigable canals connects lake Ontario with lake Erie and the Hudson river, to the waters of the lake adjacent to the famous lake – toes pertaining to typical tunnel valleys.*
At various times lake Ontario had different names, on the maps of 1662-1663.g. the lake was called Ongiara (Ondiara), and on French maps, 1912. it was called Frontenac (Frontenac Lac). In size, the lake occupies the 14th place in the world. The length of the coastline is 1146 km, a maximum depth of 244 m, a mean depth of 86 m. the length Continue reading