After analyzing the data of the spacecraft Galileo, astronomers came to the conclusion that under the surface of Europa (moon of Jupiter) may hide large bodies of water, equal in volume to the Great lakes in America. From this it follows that Europe has the conditions for the origin of life.
“Galileo” has already helped to establish the existence of a salty ocean on Europa. It is very deep and the water volume exceeds the total volume of earth’s oceans. Because of the distance from the Sun the upper part of the ocean is constantly covered with a thick ice crust. According to most scholars, the thickness of this ice crust is tens of kilometers.
Until recently it was thought that the thick ice shell does not evolve life, because the surface does not communicate with the fluid part of the ocean on Europa. But now scientists have proof that this shell can be quite actively agitated. With the formation of giant shallow lakes.
Britney Schmidt — lead author of the study from the Institute of Geophysics of the University of Texas, together with his team focused on the images Continue reading
Salt lake should be called a mineral, as such are considered lakes with a salinity of more than 1 per mil (thousandth of). Most often the salt lake endorheic basin, located in arid zone.
We briefly describe here the seven major salt lakes of our planet:
The Caspian sea
The size of the water area is actually more a sea, and quite large (371 000 km2), although the Caspian sea is a closed salt lake, the largest on the planet. The Caspian coast with its sandy beaches, mineral springs, curative mud has good conditions for rest and treatment. However, because of the complexities in interstate relations of Caspian States – Russia, Iran, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan tourism infrastructure in the Caspian sea is poorly developed.
The Aral sea
Former salt lake on the border of Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. As a former call it, because since the early 1960s, the lake started to become shallow catastrophically due to increased freshwater withdrawals for development of cotton from flowing into major rivers – the Syr-Darya and Amu-Darya. Currently, the Aral sea separated into two isolated lakes – the Northern Aral and the southern Aral.
The coast of the salty lake on the border Continue reading
The most beautiful sights in Armenia is, of course, the lake Sevan and its surroundings. And done no wonder then that every tourist who first visited Armenia, seeks to visit the lake Sevan, to see his incomparable beauty that nature has created a miracle. Where is lake Titicaca ?
Two-way good asphalt road from the main town to lake Sevan, which has a length of 70 kilometers, is located to the North direction. Upon departure from Yerevan built 16-meter-high monument, made of red tuff, which shows the hero Vahagn, who fights with a dragon.
For a long time because of dry and hot climate, parts of Armenia, such as the Ararat valley, all the time needed quickening moisture, which could flowering gardens and vineyards. The legend of Vaine the local population was composed during the reign of idolatrous religion in Armenia. Vahagn was worshipped as God, he was attributed to powerful physical strength, fearlessness and courage. On the other side of the monument sketched the old Armenian legend about how the God Vahagn was born. Look at the beauty of mount Ararat in Armenia .
After an hour the path will appear to your eyes natural wonder of the lake’s mirror surface which brightly reflect the sun’s rays.
The pearl Continue reading