The Amazing lake district Kosino
Strolling through the streets and squares of the capital, can you imagine how much happened here in the past? What secrets are kept by ancient parks, some spirits and ghosts inhabit magnificent palaces?
Meanwhile, Moscow is full of mysteries and wonders that are not visible to the naked eye. To penetrate these mysteries, we must learn to see more than able to see our eyes.
A vivid example of the area Kosino. Most people can’t imagine how this nondescript area on the outskirts of the city is an amazing place. It can even be called “legendary” and that is no exaggeration. What makes it so? We will try to understand.
And we will start our tour in the village of Kosino, the site of which arose the area. The history of this place, as assumed by historians, consisted of more than seven centuries, and, therefore, this is one of the oldest settlements on the territory of Moscow. However, the fame of Kosino brought does not age. The village was known for its three lakes, the mention of which together with the village name occurs in the Chronicles of the early sixteenth century. Names of lakes just like in Russian folk tales – Black, White and Holy. Agree on the memory involuntarily comes the fairy tale about living and dead water, isn’t it?
However, according to scientists, these names come from the most trivial to the properties of water, namely its transparency. Accordingly, the Black lake is a lake with an opaque dark from peat water, muddy bottom and muddy shores. White lake, in contrast, has transparent water and a sandy bottom. But the name of the Holy lake, oddly enough, takes its name from a fairy tale. Or rather, from the legend.
According to one version, during worship in a rural Church, together with everyone who was in it, the Church suddenly began to fall, and from under the earth gushed water. The people were saved, but the Church was plunged into the newly formed lake and for a long time, according to the legend, above the waters of the Holy lake was drowned dome of the temple crowning it with a Golden cross. However, over time the lake water swallowed him.
But perhaps more interesting is just what this legend really has under itself the bases. The fact that until recently scientists believed that Kosinski lakes are of glacial origin. Recent studies have proven that it was due to the subsidence of karst soils, and, consequently, the drowned Church could take place.
However, there is another version of this legend. According to the site of the lake was once a chapel, erected by a priest, who fled from the princely strife-torn city. His companion, a certain hermit by the name of Bukal living with him, he moved, finally, into the dense forest, situated, according to the legend, on the site of the Kremlin. And once Bucalo was the knowledge of the glorious city, who will grow in place of boron, and then rise above all cities by the Russians. After considering what he saw, Bucal went to his comrade and together they began to pray for the welfare of the new the glorious city, which was destined shortly to arise in these wild and uninhabited places. And here, in this worship of these two was the mother of God, and the Church began to sink and flooded suddenly broke from the ground water. So in place of the missing chapel there is the lake, surrounded by the love of the blessed virgin Mary.
Throughout the existence of the village Kosino all his life, the way was closely associated with these lakes. Koshino was called “village lakes”. It is the lake brought it to the attention of the then young Peter I. the well-known story of how a child, young Peter found the linen yard near Izmailova broken boat, which was called the “grandfather of the Russian fleet”. When and Yauza, and Izmaylovo pond became too small for Peter pans, the future monarch turned his attention to the White lake in the village of Kosino.
Of course, Peter’s plans were too ambitious for this place, and later the shipyard were moved to Pereyaslavl lake. But for a long time was kept here as a reminder for the attention of Peter, the remains of piers, arranged by the future Emperor on the Eastern shore of the White lake. Yes, and Peter did not forget once chosen village. And in 1717, gave to the local Church B. P. Sheremetev brought from Italy icon, named Modena after the town where it came from.
Of course, today in Kosino is difficult to know the place it once was, but Kosinski’s famous lake still exist today. Walk through this area will inevitably lead you to them. And who knows, maybe you thought of an amazing legend of this place and, slightly narrowed eyes, you imagine rising above the surface of the Holy lake surmounted by a gilded cross of the drowned dome of the Church.