Canada. Geographical position of Canada – Articles on 100 roads
Canada is on the North American continent, from the South it borders with the United States, with the North lie 800 km beyond the Arctic Circle. The country is washed by the Arctic, Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Canada is the 2 largest country of the world and has a total area of 9976 thousand square kilometers.
Canada is on the North American continent, from the South it borders with the United States, with the North lie 800 km beyond the Arctic Circle (the Arctic Islands). The country is washed by the Arctic, Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Canada is the 2 largest country of the world and has a total area of 9976 thousand square kilometers the Coastline stretches for 250 thousand km.
Canada owned the island second, the Baffin island, banks, Victoria, Devon, Newfoundland, Ellesmere, etc. the Highest point – the Logan in the North-West (5951 m.).
The diverse nature of Canada. – Entire territory can be divided into several natural regions: the hilly Appalachian region in the East; the valley of the Laurentian plateau in the region of Hudson Bay (Hudson Bay) and the polar zone; the Canadian shield, Prairie provinces inner, which stretches to the Atlantic coast in the South; the mountain ranges of the Cordillera on the West. The largest rivers are the Mackenzie, the Columbia, the Niagara river St.Lawrence . Well-known lakes – Great lakes, Great bear, Great Slave .
Canada is rich in minerals. Here is mined iron ore, Nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, silver, coal, oil, natural gas .
Flora and fauna
Throughout the country there are 39 national parks and 145 national historic areas, 13 of them are listed in the UN list of “World Heritage”. Only in Canada – 8 vegetation zones. Unique flora and fauna of the country. – Here grow red cedar, white pine, white spruce, black spruce, Douglas fir, sugar maple . which has become a symbol of Canada.
In canadian forests and parks are inhabited by brown, grey, black, polar bears, bison, wolves, lynx, Cougars, deer, caribou, moose and beavers . (Along with maple, are also symbols of the country). As well as about 500 species of birds such as great blue Heron, canadian goose . The country maintained endangered species – the Eastern wolf, brown owl, whale-Beluga . River and lake waters are rich in fish. The most famous fish species – Chinook salmon, chum salmon, pink salmon, halibut, cod, haddock, herring .
The Climate Of Canada
For the most part the climate in Canada is temperate and subarctic. The average January temperature ranges from -35 C in the North to +4 C in the South Pacific coast. The average July temperature is +21 C in the South and from -4 C to +4 C on the Islands of the Canadian Arctic archipelago. There is frequent and sharp change of atmospheric pressure.