In 1502 Christopher Columbus, during the fourth voyage to America, was forced to take refuge from a heavy storm in the Bay, where there were further large Costa Rican port of Limon.
Here a Caravel, the Explorer met aborigines Redskins sported lots of gold jewelry.
“For the first two days — written by Columbus to his homeland to Spain, I saw on this earth. more gold than four years in the island of Hispaniola” (Haiti).
New land Columbus gave the name “Costa Rica”, translated from the Spanish “rich coast”.
However, the great Navigator made a mistake. Gold and silver were in Costa Rica not so much. The Indians in their development remained at the level of the stone age. Although we have achieved considerable success in the manufacture of gold ornaments, pottery and stone carving.
Modern Costa Rica
From the North, from Nicaragua South to Panama, Costa Rica crosses the transcontinental highway by car you can travel the country in one day.
Almost all the time the road goes in the mountains. The closer to the South, the mountains become higher. The window flashing snow-capped mountain peaks, steaming cones of volcanoes, deep chasms, waterfalls with a rainbow above them, wild rivers in narrow gorges, and blue volcanic lakes, mountain slopes with lush tropical vegetation.
In the mountains at an altitude from 1000 to 1500 m is located Continue reading
This is an unusual video about the invasion of Asian silver carp caught on Wabash river (Wabash River) in the Midwest, mark Kirby (Mark Kirby) and his partner Brendan Kearns (Kearns Brendan). According to specialists, the most famous lake in the USA and Canada are on the verge of this ecological disaster. Silver carp, imported once from Kazakhstan (behind the ocean it is called Asian carp), has spread to the waterways of the New world with an incredible scale.
It all started with the fact that in 70-e years of the last century of American fishermen, not thinking about the consequences, brought a few specimens of silver carp and silver carp, which were caught in lake Balkhash to “imported” fish destroyed the excess of algae in the Illinois river. As a result of voracious migrant not only coped with the task set before him, but began to seize new territory, harassing the local fish. Now before American experts had a new goal — to prevent the spread of Asian (silver) carp in the Great lakes.
Interestingly, the number of carp in our area, as a rule, regulates the pike, not allowing him to multiply excessively. But in the rivers Illinois and Mississippi Continue reading
Island of lemurs – Madagascar
A holiday in Madagascar
Located in the Indian ocean off the Southeast coast of Africa, Madagascar is considered the fourth largest largest island in the world (its area 592000 km2).
The island is separated from the mainland by wide Mozambique channel. Madagascar – this is a fragment of the ancient African platform composed of hard metamorphic and crystalline rocks: granite, schist, gneiss, separated by about 165 million years ago from the African continent. Some time a new island was drifting to the East, taking with them a large variety of animal and plant species.
The island nation of Madagascar is a very specific and exotic country in the world. She is one of the poorest in economic terms and one of the richest region of bio diversity. Of the 200,000 species of animals and plants of Madagascar, a 150 000 are found nowhere else in the world (approximately 5 percent of the total species diversity of flora and fauna of our planet). In Madagascar at least 13000 species of plants, of which 80 percent are endemic and 3 500 have medicinal properties. The island has no large mammals, except imported here allowed, but there are various species of small insectivorous animals, reptiles (including crocodiles) and lemurs. Continue reading