In 1502 Christopher Columbus, during the fourth voyage to America, was forced to take refuge from a heavy storm in the Bay, where there were further large Costa Rican port of Limon.
Here a Caravel, the Explorer met aborigines Redskins sported lots of gold jewelry.
“For the first two days — written by Columbus to his homeland to Spain, I saw on this earth. more gold than four years in the island of Hispaniola” (Haiti).
New land Columbus gave the name “Costa Rica”, translated from the Spanish “rich coast”.
However, the great Navigator made a mistake. Gold and silver were in Costa Rica not so much. The Indians in their development remained at the level of the stone age. Although we have achieved considerable success in the manufacture of gold ornaments, pottery and stone carving.
Modern Costa Rica
From the North, from Nicaragua South to Panama, Costa Rica crosses the transcontinental highway by car you can travel the country in one day.
Almost all the time the road goes in the mountains. The closer to the South, the mountains become higher. The window flashing snow-capped mountain peaks, steaming cones of volcanoes, deep chasms, waterfalls with a rainbow above them, wild rivers in narrow gorges, and blue volcanic lakes, mountain slopes with lush tropical vegetation.
In the mountains at an altitude from 1000 to 1500 m is located Continue reading
Lake Kaffeklubben (detsk. Kaffeklubben Sø, 83 37′) is a small (48 ha) of the eponymous island, North of Greenland, only 707 km from the pole. This is the most Northern lake on the Earth.
For a long time scientists argued about whether to receive life in such places, the impulse to reproduce as a result of nitrate pollution, or make her stop the impending effects of global warming. It seems that an international group of researchers under the guidance of Bianca Perren of the University of Franche-comté (France) managed to answer this question.
Despite the harsh living conditions, once the lake was full Kaffeklubben life in the face of cyanobacteria. The ice over the lake while constant, varying only the thickness. But even under 1-2 m of ice cyanobacteria survive. However, they are most active in summer when the air temperature above the ice reservoir is as high as +1,6 C. But more complex forms of life here. But now, but once…
3 500 years ago, when the lake had just been formed, it occupied several species of diatoms. But, according to studies of lake cores, which the authors said in the journal Geology, about 2 400 years ago, as the local temperature, the population is entirely extinct. Usually, to return, Continue reading