In 1502 Christopher Columbus, during the fourth voyage to America, was forced to take refuge from a heavy storm in the Bay, where there were further large Costa Rican port of Limon.
Here a Caravel, the Explorer met aborigines Redskins sported lots of gold jewelry.
“For the first two days — written by Columbus to his homeland to Spain, I saw on this earth. more gold than four years in the island of Hispaniola” (Haiti).
New land Columbus gave the name “Costa Rica”, translated from the Spanish “rich coast”.
However, the great Navigator made a mistake. Gold and silver were in Costa Rica not so much. The Indians in their development remained at the level of the stone age. Although we have achieved considerable success in the manufacture of gold ornaments, pottery and stone carving.
Modern Costa Rica
From the North, from Nicaragua South to Panama, Costa Rica crosses the transcontinental highway by car you can travel the country in one day.
Almost all the time the road goes in the mountains. The closer to the South, the mountains become higher. The window flashing snow-capped mountain peaks, steaming cones of volcanoes, deep chasms, waterfalls with a rainbow above them, wild rivers in narrow gorges, and blue volcanic lakes, mountain slopes with lush tropical vegetation.
In the mountains at an altitude from 1000 to 1500 m is located Continue reading
In Croatia there is a unique national Park Plitvice lakes (Horw. Plitvička jezera). Thousands of tourists from all over the world flock here to overjoyed to merge with the Paradise nature. And it’s hard to believe that once this place was called “devil’s garden”.
The famous lakes are located halfway between Zagreb, the capital of the state, to the Adriatic coast, along which, and found shelter Croatia.
For the first time about the Plitvice lakes is mentioned in the 16th century. But then people were not up to the beauty of the Balkan peoples were constantly at war with the Ottoman Empire trying to assert their independence. It was at that time this dangerous edge was called “devil’s garden”.
In 1777 these places acquire an official name – “Plitvice lakes”, which was written by the priest of Otočac Dominique Vukasovich.
Gradually the word spreads about the extraordinary beauty of the Plitvice lakes. Already in 1891, from the city of Karlovac was built the road to the lakes, and by 1894 the number of tourists visiting these meta exceeded tens of thousands.
In 1893 was established the society for the protection of the Plitvice lakes, whose task was to preserve the natural splendor of this place and attract tourists from all over the world.
Society Continue reading
Island of lemurs – Madagascar
A holiday in Madagascar
Located in the Indian ocean off the Southeast coast of Africa, Madagascar is considered the fourth largest largest island in the world (its area 592000 km2).
The island is separated from the mainland by wide Mozambique channel. Madagascar – this is a fragment of the ancient African platform composed of hard metamorphic and crystalline rocks: granite, schist, gneiss, separated by about 165 million years ago from the African continent. Some time a new island was drifting to the East, taking with them a large variety of animal and plant species.
The island nation of Madagascar is a very specific and exotic country in the world. She is one of the poorest in economic terms and one of the richest region of bio diversity. Of the 200,000 species of animals and plants of Madagascar, a 150 000 are found nowhere else in the world (approximately 5 percent of the total species diversity of flora and fauna of our planet). In Madagascar at least 13000 species of plants, of which 80 percent are endemic and 3 500 have medicinal properties. The island has no large mammals, except imported here allowed, but there are various species of small insectivorous animals, reptiles (including crocodiles) and lemurs. Continue reading