In Croatia there is a unique national Park Plitvice lakes (Horw. Plitvička jezera). Thousands of tourists from all over the world flock here to overjoyed to merge with the Paradise nature. And it’s hard to believe that once this place was called “devil’s garden”.
The famous lakes are located halfway between Zagreb, the capital of the state, to the Adriatic coast, along which, and found shelter Croatia.
For the first time about the Plitvice lakes is mentioned in the 16th century. But then people were not up to the beauty of the Balkan peoples were constantly at war with the Ottoman Empire trying to assert their independence. It was at that time this dangerous edge was called “devil’s garden”.
In 1777 these places acquire an official name – “Plitvice lakes”, which was written by the priest of Otočac Dominique Vukasovich.
Gradually the word spreads about the extraordinary beauty of the Plitvice lakes. Already in 1891, from the city of Karlovac was built the road to the lakes, and by 1894 the number of tourists visiting these meta exceeded tens of thousands.
In 1893 was established the society for the protection of the Plitvice lakes, whose task was to preserve the natural splendor of this place and attract tourists from all over the world.
Society Continue reading
Island of lemurs – Madagascar
A holiday in Madagascar
Located in the Indian ocean off the Southeast coast of Africa, Madagascar is considered the fourth largest largest island in the world (its area 592000 km2).
The island is separated from the mainland by wide Mozambique channel. Madagascar – this is a fragment of the ancient African platform composed of hard metamorphic and crystalline rocks: granite, schist, gneiss, separated by about 165 million years ago from the African continent. Some time a new island was drifting to the East, taking with them a large variety of animal and plant species.
The island nation of Madagascar is a very specific and exotic country in the world. She is one of the poorest in economic terms and one of the richest region of bio diversity. Of the 200,000 species of animals and plants of Madagascar, a 150 000 are found nowhere else in the world (approximately 5 percent of the total species diversity of flora and fauna of our planet). In Madagascar at least 13000 species of plants, of which 80 percent are endemic and 3 500 have medicinal properties. The island has no large mammals, except imported here allowed, but there are various species of small insectivorous animals, reptiles (including crocodiles) and lemurs. Continue reading
Lakes, formed from river oxbow lakes, are relatively small. Large arose in other ways. Some in valleys, blocked by avalanche or moraines, rock ridges left by retreating and now-vanished glaciers or dams erected by man. Lake Baikal in Siberia and lake in East Africa filled the huge cracks in the earth’s crust, caused by powerful shifts. American Great lakes lie in the basin, formed during the ice age when the ice wore a large part of the continent. Glaciers not only plowed a deep bowl in the valleys, along which, but this entire region sank under the weight of ice, gavluvsga a lot of the continent in plastic basalt layers under it. Then the ice melted relatively quickly, but the concavity is not yet corrected.
Around the perimeter of the great lakes in shallow bays among marsh grasses the animals and their lifestyles are not much different from what we observed in a small freshwater reservoirs. Over them worn different dragonflies, among the plants reproduce gnats and mosquitoes; hiding in the mud snails and bivalves; fish and piranhas hunt, carp and Cichlidae pluck the plants. But where the lake bottom out to a great depth, the conditions have dramatically changed.
Baikal is the deepest lake in the world. In some places the bottom is a mile from the surface. Of course, compared to the ocean it’s not much of depth, but in ocean Continue reading